Troy was dismissed by all credible historians as an old Greek myth before Heinrich Schliemann excavated the ancient city.
However evidence has been uncovered by archaeologists to suggest that The Iliad has some basis in truth within the epic saga and that although the Trojan War occurred, it may not have occurred as according to Homer.
In this layer, the style of pottery and housing changed to a style similar to that in Mycenae of the same period, leading experts to conclude that Troy was taken over by foreigners in the late Bronze Age. The deeper you dig, the older the layer. They unearthed remains and artifacts from the Bronze Age, which led him to believe that there was a lower city of Troy that had not yet been unearthed.
Legendary Troy was once again dismissed, until a scientific archaeologist named Manfred Korfmann discovered the lower city and so reignited the legend. Korfmann suspected there was more to discover, and so he and a team of archaeologists began to excavate outside of the walls of the citadel and into the fields below.
Gold and jewels were also found testimony of a rich and advanced culture. The Illiad is the ancient tale of a mighty city called Troy that lay at the edge of Asia Minor whose prince abducted Helen, the most beautiful woman of all time, from the king of Greek Sparta, causing the Greeks to send an army in a thousand ships to attack and lay siege to Troy for 10 years.
Evidence such as the excavation of Hissarlik, Troy VI and the Hittite tablets has proven the existence of Troy as well as the occurrence of the Trojan War.
Schliemann believed these jewels had once belonged to Helen of Troy, however, being archaeologically inept he had dated the jewels incorrectly.
He believed they placed ancient Troy in the northwest corner of modern day Turkey. That a young girl would be buried rapidly in a public place is highly unlikely unless the city was under attack resulting in civilians dying in the streets.
From archaeological evidence gained over many years it is known They found evidence of violence, arrowheads and sling pellets heaped together suggesting close quarter fighting and many skeletons are found e.
Because it was too large an area to dig out by hand, Korfmann used magnetic imaging to discover the layout of the city below the surface. Korfmann noticed one faint feature that was out of place- a deep ditch cut into rock that marked the boundary of the lower city. Korfmann surmised that its purpose was to keep enemy chariots from entering the city, located it in the fields below and found remains from the late Bronze Age buried in it.
Schliemann- an amateur excavator with no real archaeological experience -dug a trench through the centre of the mound.
Each generation builds on the remains of its predecessors, forming a sequence of layers strata. The city that was revealed had characteristics of classical Greek and Roman times- a much later period. Historians have long doubted the credibility of Homer as a reliable historical source.
Schliemann had unearthed an ancient city that, though wealthy and well located, seemed to be too small to be the Troy that had withstood a ten-year siege. InSchliemann began preliminary excavations at the mound of Hissarlik where local custom also reinforced his belief that this was the site of Troy.
Homer states that it was Mycenae that attacked Troy, and two and a half thousand years later modern archaeology supports him.Trojan War: Fact or Fiction? The question many scholars still have today is whether or not the Trojan War was fact or fiction.
Throughout the years evidence has been found in favor of the war happening and evidence that it did not happen. Helen of Troy Fact vs. Fiction Essay.
B. Pages:8 Words This is just a sample. figure. In myths, Helen of Troy can be found as the heroine in epics. In Homer’s Iliad, she was the main cause of the Trojan War. As a goddess, it’s only natural that Helen would have sanctuaries made for her. We will write a custom essay sample on. The Trojan War Ð'- Fact or Fiction?
The Trojan War. Confined totally to the pages of Homer's The Illiad, the indulgent fantasy of a Greek poet who lived over two and a half thousand years ago- or a historic fact at the centre of the most famous quarrel ever?4/4(1).
The Trojan War: Fact or Figment of Homer's Imagination? Introduction The Trojan War is one of the most legendary stories of warfare of all time. The epic tale has fascinated and inspired Western Literature writers for centuries.
The Trojan War Fact or Fiction? The Trojan War. Confined totally to the pages of Homer's The Illiad, the indulgent fantasy of a Greek poet who lived over two and a half thousand years ago- or a historic fact at the centre of the most famous quarrel ever?
Did The Trojan War Actually Happen History Essay. Print Reference he also writes about some of the Trojan heroes such as Hector. tensions around Troy precisely during the thirteenth and early twelfth centuries B.C.–the supposed time of Homer’s Trojan War. In conclusion the fact that the land area in which Homer described the war to.Download