Thus, "the Chinese metaphor does not try to establish a parallelism between two domains, but rather wants to show that there is a convergence between them: However, the Later Mohists showed a definite interest in geometry, giving definitions of terms such as "point" "the unit without dimension which precedes all others" and "circle" "having the same lengths from one centre".
This principle only generates a problem for Greek philosophers, though, because of the language they use. How disappointing they would have found the vacuum fluctuations of quantum mechanics!
Oxford University Press, ]. Mengzi acknowledges that water is indifferent between east and west, but observes that it does show a preference for low over high. But it actually belongs in the category of states. True, neither the Mohists nor anyone else in China developed formal logic.
Paragon Book Reprint Corp. The Mohists do not generate a specific list of categories, but clearly seem interested in warning against sophistries that result from what we would call categorical distinctions: If he is right, Chinese philosophers would have been, at the least, discouraged by their very language from developing the metaphysical insights of Plato and Aristotle.
Gaozi says that human nature is like water. Reding defends two positive theses in this essay. However, Mengzi points out, quite correctly, that Gaozi has failed to explain how his view accounts for the natural dispositions of either water or human nature.
Ironically, Reding seems to make this point regarding the very same argument in a different essay [p. It is tempting to identify this as a categorical difference between Western and Chinese philosophy especially if one is only familiar with Confucianism and Taoism.
He suggests that both Greek and Chinese thinkers would agree with the principle ex nihilo nihil. However, he could nonetheless maintain that einai pointed in the right general direction, even if it pointed vaguely.
And most philosophy since Aristotle has not been conducted in syllogisms anyway. Now to write the essay I wish, though, that Reding had stressed more the historical importance of Parmenides and Plato as individual thinkers.
Ethical terms are handled similarly: The Later Mohists, presenting what they take to be the ordinary language senses of these words, define almost all of them in terms of yi to exchange. But whether one agrees with all the details or not, this article is a thought-provoking discussion of comparative paradox-ology.
Literature based study dissertation. Reding suggests that Mozi is using the metaphor to suggest a reductio ad absurdum with the following logical structure:@arson naahhh just a picture.
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Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews is an electronic, peer-reviewed journal that publishes timely reviews of scholarly philosophy books.
Comparative Essays in Early Greek and Chinese Rational Thinking // Reviews // Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews // University of Notre Dame.
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